Swiss steak may at first sound like it's a dish that uses Swiss cheese. Or perhaps one that hails from Switzerland but has gone global. In fact, both of these assumptions would be incorrect. Swiss steak gets its name from the process of "swissing," or tenderizing a piece of meat before it's cooked. In the case of Swiss steak, that cooking typically refers to some type of braising. In the recipe that follows, however, it gets cooked up in a hearty casserole.
Any kind of beef can be used, but round steak is an ideal cut because it's already tender and yet can withstand a long cooking time. So while you can have all the great taste of Swiss steak, you only need to do a fraction of the work. To that steak, add onions, mushrooms, carrots, and even potatoes to make a complete meal. The beef does require some cooking beforehand, but after doing so it all comes together fairly quickly before being popped into a hot oven.